BBC News

Directed by Maren Ade, Toni Erdmann premiered at the Cannes Film Festival and is Germany’s official candidate for next year’s foreign film Oscar.

American coming-of-age story Moonlight and adult drama Elle came next in Sight & Sound’s Films of the Year poll.

Last year’s winner was The Assassin, by Taiwanese director Hou Hsiao-Hsien.

Toni Erdmann, which will be released in the UK on 3 February, is one of three films with female directors to make this year’s top five.

The others are Certain Women, a triptych of tales from US director Kelly Reichardt, and Andrea Arnold’s road movie American Honey.

Nick James, Sight & Sound’s editor, expressed delight that the poll “recognises the talent of women directors at the top of the art form”.

Ken Loach’s I, Daniel Blake, which won the veteran British film-maker his second Palme d’Or at Cannes, came sixth in the poll.

Oscar-tipped Manchester by the Sea – named the National Board of Review’s best film of 2016 earlier this week – is ranked seventh.

According to the British Film Institute (BFI), publisher of Sight & Sound, the results represent “a small triumph for diversity”.

The full top 20:

  • 1. Toni Erdmann (dir. Maren Ade)
  • 2. Moonlight (dir. Barry Jenkins)
  • 3. Elle (dir. Paul Verhoeven)
  • 4. Certain Women (dir. Kelly Reichardt)
  • 5. American Honey (dir. Andrea Arnold)
  • 6. I, Daniel Blake (dir. Ken Loach)
  • 7. Manchester by the Sea (dir. Kenneth Lonergan)
  • 8. Things to Come (dir. Mia Hansen-Love)
  • 9. Paterson (dir. Jim Jarmusch)
  • 10. The Death of Louis XIV (dir. Albert Serra)
  • 11= Personal Shopper (dir. Olivier Assayas)
  • 11= Sieranevada (dir. Cristi Puiu)
  • 13= Fire at Sea (dir. Gianfranco Rosi)
  • 13= Nocturama (dir. Bertrand Bonello)
  • 13= Julieta (dir. Pedro Almodovar)
  • 16= La La Land (dir. Damien Chazelle)
  • 16= Cameraperson (dir. Kirsten Johnson)
  • 18. Love and Friendship (dir. Whit Stillman)
  • 19. Aquarius (dir. Kleber Mendonca Filho)
  • 20. Victoria (dir. Sebastian Schipper)